History: Premium Cheese Recipe

Mrs. V. R. Stickney made a presentation to the West Oxford Agriculture Society in 1859 to explain how she made her widely regarded cheese:

My dairy consists of four cows of the native breed. Their average period of giving milk is nine months; the average yield of milk for the whole term is five quarts per day. During the month of greatest flow the yield is seventeen pounds per day – and its quality is such that ten pounds of it will yield a pound of cheese. The cows are kept in winter on hay and a little meal in the spring, and on grass in the summer.

My mode of manufacture is as follows: The milk is strained in a large tin pan made for the purpose. Having soaked one rennet in one quart of water, put one tablespoon of the liquid to ten quarts of milk. While the milk is warm let it stand 30 minutes, then cross into eight parts; then let it stand till morning; then dip it off on to a cloth in the cheese basket; then wash the pan and put the morning’s milk into it, and the same proportion of rennet; let it stand half an hour, then cross it off; then let it stand one hour; then dip it in with the other curd and after standing half an hour, cut the curd, then during one and a half hours cut it occasionally; then pour on two quarts of water a little warmer than the milk; then let it stand one hour, cut into pieces about an inch through; add 4 oz. salt to 25 lbs. curd, produced from 90 qts. of milk; put into the press with a light weight.

Next day prepare curd by the same process, which, after having scratched the top of that in the hoop, add and press as before, and the third day fill the hoop, and press till the next day; take from the hoop and put a bandage around the cheese, put in the screen, then turn and rub twice a day.

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